(Reading for Comprehension, Language Study, Vocabulary, Summary, Note- Making of Mind Mapping)
A1. Following are four statements from the extract which is in jumbled order. Put them in a way they have occurred in the extract and rewrite them down.
He had a working analysis of mankind’s troubles: marriage, money, and the tangles of human ties. Long practice had sharpened his perception. Within 5 minutes he understood what was wrong. He charged three pies per question, never opened his mouth till the other had spoken for at least 10 minutes, which provided him enough stuff for a dozen answers and advice. When he told the person before him, gazing at his palm, “In many ways, you are not getting the fullest result for your effort,” nine out of ten were disposed to agree with him. Or he questioned “In question in many ways, you are not getting the fullest result for your effort,” nine out of ten were disposed to agree with him. Or he questioned “Is there any women in your family, maybe even a distant relative who is not well disposed toward you?” or he gave an analysis of character: “Most of your troubles are due to your nature. How can you be otherwise with Saturn where he is? You have an impetuous nature and a rough exterior.” This endeared him to their hearts immediately, for even the mildest of us loves to think that he has a forbidding exterior.
The nuts vendor blew out his flair and rose to go home. This was a signal for the astrologer to bundle up too since it left him in darkness except for a little shaft of green light which strayed in from somewhere and touched the ground before him. He picked up his cowrie shells and paraphernalia and was putting them back into his bag when the green shaft of light was blotted out. He looked up and saw a man standing before him. He sensed a possible client and said: “You look so careworn. It will do you good to sit down for a while and chat with me”. The other grumbled some reply vaguely. The astrologer pressed his invitation; whereupon the other thrust his palm under his nose, saying: “You call yourself an astrologer?” The astrologer felt challenged and said, tilting the other palm toward the green shaft of light: “Yours is a nature…..” “Oh, stop that,” the other said. “Tell me something worthwhile…” Out friend felt piqued. I charge only three pies per question, and what you get ought to be good enough for your money….” At this the other withdrew his arm, took out an anna, and flung it out to him, saying “I have some questions to ask. If I prove you are bluffing, you must return that anna to me with interest.”
A2. Give reasons: (2)
A3. Find out a proof: (2)
Find out the proofs from the extract where it appears that the astrologer is challenged by the stranger.
A4. Personal Response: (2)
In this extract, we notice that the astrologer has a great listening power. Listening helps in developing good relations with people. Write your opinion on this in about 50 words.
A5 Language study: (2)
(Given below are four options find out the correct option where modal auxiliary showing ‘advice’ is used and rewrite the sentence)
A6. Vocabulary (2)
Use the words given in the brackets and rewrite the sentences.
Q.1. (B) Non-textual Grammar: (4)
I) Do as directed:
II) Spot the error and rewrite the sentences: (1)
A1 Read the following four statements and find out the two most suitable statements that summarise the extract.
A2. Complete: (2)
A3. Explain: (2)
‘It is far more honorable to fail than to cheat’. Explain the statement in about 50 words.
A4. Describe your views in about 50 words about teachers/schools contribution in the personality development of a child/student.
A5. Language study:
A6. Vocabulary: (2)
Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words given in the boxes and rewrite.(Crooked, scoff, steer, sublime)
|My son starts school today. It is all going to be strange and new to him for a while and I wish you would treat him gently. It is an adventure that might take him across continents. All the adventures probably include wars, tragedy, and sorrow. To live this life will require faith, love, and courage.|
So, dear teachers, will you please take him by his hand and teach him things he will have to know but gently, if you can. Teach him that for every enemy there is a friend. He will have to know that all men are not just, that all men are not true. But teach him also that for every scoundrel there is a hero that for every crooked politician, there is a dictated leader.
Teach him if you can that 10 cents earned are of far more value than $1 found. In school, teach him it is far more honorable to fall than to cheat. Teach him to learn how to gracefully lose, and enjoy winning when he does win.
Teach him if you can the wonders of books, but also give time to ponder the extreme mystery of birds in the sky, bees in the sun, and flowers on the green hill. Teach him to have faith in his own ideas, even if everyone tells him they are wrong.
Try to give my son strength not to follow the crowd where everyone else is doing it. Teach him to listen to everyone, but teach him also to filter all that he hears on a screen of truth and take only good that comes through.
Teach him to sell his talent and brain to the highest bidder but never to put a price tag on his heart and soul. Let him have the courage to be impatient, let him have the patience to be brave. Teach him to have sublime faith in himself, because then he will always have sublime faith in mankind, in God. This is the order, teachers but see what the best you can do. He is a nice little boy and my son. (Abraham Lincoln’s letter to his son’s teacher)
Write a summary of the above extract in short with the help of the given clues and suggest a suitable title.
Abraham Lincoln’s letter to the teacher – adventures – humanity – honesty – child tackle ups and down in life – book reading – not to follow crowd – message – conclusion.
Read the following extract carefully and present the information in the form of a mind map.
A noun is a naming word: it denotes the name of a person, place, things, language, bird, animals, insect, creature, day, month, river, hill mountain, branch of knowledge, quality, Idea, etc.
Nouns are classified as proper nouns and common nouns.
Proper nouns: Gandhi, Ambedkar, Hyderabad, English, Hindi, Telugu, Sunday, January, Philosophy, the Yamuna, Godavari, the Nilgiris. The Himalayas etc.
Common nouns: Father, poet, capital, city, language, day, month, subject, river, animal, peacock, fish, etc.
Common nouns can be countable or uncountable. Countable nouns have singular and plural forms: boy-boys, girl-girls, town-towns, computer- computers, foot-feet, tooth-teeth, mouse-mice, man-men, woman-women, etc.
Uncountable nouns have no plural forms: milk rice, oil, water, etc.
Common nouns based on meaning, are classified into four categories: concrete nouns, abstract nouns, material nouns, and collective nouns. Words that represent objects that can be seen touch and proceed are called concrete nouns: a student, a room, an ant, an engine, a building, a house, a pigeon, a parrot, a plant, a tree, etc.
Nouns that represent something that cannot be seen or touch but can be only be imagined or felt are known as abstract nouns. They express/denote an ide, quality, state, action, or branch of knowledge: disease, death, knowledge, taste, smell, softness, war, happiness, neatness, Botany, grammar, beauty, divinity, worship, etc.
Material nouns are words like gold, silver, iron, mercury, etc.
Collective nouns are words like herd, committee, police, parliament, jury, etc.
HSC English Writing Skills: Literary Genre – Novel 2021 For sample paper Click Here
Reference: Uttam’s Noble Publication House