Poetry and Appreciation: HSC English Paper Solution 2021

Section II – Poetry and Appreciation

(HSC Board English Paper 2021)

Q.3 (B) Appreciation:

Read the given extract and write the appreciation of the given poem based on the following aspects.

Weavers, weaving at break of day,

why do you weave a garment so gay?

Blue as the wing of a halcyon wild,

We weave the robes of a new-born child.

Weavers, weaving at fall of night,

Why do you weave a garment so bright?……

Like the Plumes of a peacock, purple and green,

We weave the marriage-veils of a queen.

Weavers, weaving solemn and still,

What do you weave in the moonlight chill…….

White as a feather and white as a cloud,

We weave a dead man’s funeral shroud.

-Sarojini Naidu

  • About The poem, significance of the title
  • Form of the poem, theme and its significance
  • Poetic style, language features, poetic devices
  • Inspirational messages, value, morals reflected
  • Your opinion and critical evaluation of the poem

Answers:

About The poem, significance of the title: “Indian Weavers” is a short poem written by a very famous Indian Poetess named Sarojini Naidu. She was the first Indian woman who became president of the Indian National Congress. In this poem poetess talks about three types of garment that the weaver weave at three particulars time of a day. The title of the poem is very symbolic and the colours of the cloth used in the poem are very significant as they indicate the mood-related to the events.

Poetic style, language features, poetic devices: In the poem poetess portrays a different genre too close to life and death, and all that lies in between the only truths that govern the existence of each being, that is,  life and death. The language used in the poem is very simple, clear, and easy to understand. The rhyme scheme of the poem is ‘AABB.   The fact that weavers weave ‘a the break of the day is very important. The start of new days has been used as a smile to give us a hint about the majestic royalty that is symbolic of the color blue. Through the poem, we find metaphors and simile figures of speech.

Inspirational messages, values, morals reflected: The poem praises the weavers of India while representing the three-stage of life. The birth stage, adulthood that is life, and the third is death. In the final stanza death has been portrayed “White as a feather, white as a cloud”. The message of the poem is that we all have to pass through these three stages of life and nobody is an exception to the rule. Everybody who has taken both is going to die.

Your opinion and critical evaluation of the poem: For me, this poem teaches a lesson that life and death are two sides of the same coin. We should enjoy both and should not get bothered about death.


Q.3 (B) Appreciation:

Read the given extract and write the appreciation of the given poem based on the following aspects.

Money

When I had money, money, O!

I knew no joy till I went poor;

For many a false man as a friend

Came knocking all day at my door.

They felt I like  a child that holds

A trumpet that he must not blow

Because a man is dead; I dared

Not to speak to let this false world know.

Much have I thought of life, and seen

How poor men’s hearts are ever light;

And how their wives do hum like bees

About their work from morn till night.

So, when I hear these poor ones laugh,

And see the rich ones coldly frown

Poor men, think I, need not go up

So much as rich men should come down.

When I had money, money, O!

My many friends proved all untrue;

But now I have no money, O!

My friends are real, though very few.

-William H. Davies

  • About The poem, significance of the title
  • Form of the poem, theme and its significance
  • Poetic style, language features, poetic devices
  • Inspirational messages, value, morals reflected
  • Your opinion and critical evaluation of the poem

Answers:

About The poem, and poet: This poem is written by the poet William H Davies, who was born a rich man who wants to become poor to find real happiness in the world. We all know the real value of money when we don’t have money or have lost all our money. At the end of the poem, the poet tells that now he has no money with him but he has true few friends with him. The title of the poem is appropriate.

Form of the poem, theme, and its significant message: This poem is written in five stanzas. We can call it a philosophical poem. The poem has a moral lesson to us that when we are rich and have money all are our friends who are false and they will come to you because you have money. According to the poet poor man’s heart is light and their family happy and so now I have no money in my poverty but I have few real friends. So message or theme of this poem is that money is not important to be happy in life. It is a significant poem with a moral message for us.

Poetic style, language features, and poetic devices: The poem is very simple, clear, and easy to understand with a good message. Poet has used very simple words and style to express himself. The poem has no rhyme scheme. It has used closed rhyme. Poet devices like repetition, inversion, simile, antithesis, examples of repetition can be seen in the first-line where the word ‘money is repeated.

My opinion about the poem: I think it is one of the interesting poem teaching me a moral lesson that money is not important to live a happy life. I liked the last two lines of this poem, they are. “But now I have no money, O! My friends are real, though very few.



 

Father Returning Home

About Poem|Poet|Tittle: The poem father returning Home by Dilip chitre is probably the most famous poem by this Indian poet. It is an autobiographical poem where the poet shows the loneliness and World’s Worriness of an old man in modern society by depicting a picture of his own father returning home from work.
The Theme: The poem, Father returning home focuses on the theme of Alienation or estrangement experienced by the aged in the twilight years. We get to know about Alienation, Isolation, and Misery Experienced by Elderly people especially in cities
Poetic Style/Language /Poetic devices: Dilip Chitre poetry follows the tradition of dramatic monologue. The poet uses some fine imagery to describe the lurking loneliness of Commuters. He has made usage of Alliteration, Repetition, Inversion, Transferred Epithet, Synecdoche, etc figures of speech in the poem.
Message: The poem gives us a moral lesson. The message of the poem is in the Materialistic Man-Made world the behavior of people changes. Man has forgotten the value of true love, respect towards elders. But one should not ignore his/her family members. The poem gives us a valuable message of love reality and the truth of the modern materialistic world.
Special Feature: It is a free verse type poem. It is a dramatic monologue. The tone of the poem is in a little depression. The poem consists of two stanzas of 12 lines each No rhyme scheme is Used.
Your opinion about the poem: I like this poem for its real and brutally honest depiction of modern life. The poem speaks of a classic disconnection between generations I Understood that in this Materialistic world nobody is Caring for anyone. It gives a principle of life: Give Respect and Take Respect

 

The song of Open Road:

About the poem poet and title: The title of the poem is Song of the Open Road. It is influential poetry filled with optimism and positive affirmation the poem gives you a message of freedom and opportunity. The poet has written the poem in free verse. Walt Whitman is an American poet who was known as a Poet, Essayist journalist, and teacher by trade. The title of the poem is significant and Apt. The road signifies mobility.
The theme: Major theme in Song of Open Road: Freedom, Joy, Optimism are the major theme of the poem. Throughout the poem, the poet encourages the Readers to be true to themselves and live a free life.
He says that life is full of obligations and Troubles but still he encourages the readers to live their dreams, leaving the obstacles behind.
Poetic style: The style of the poem is simple and natural. The language is simple and straightforward. The poet has used different figures of speech such as alliteration metaphor repetition and paradox etc. to give poetic effect to the poem.
Special feature: It is written in free verse.
The message, values, morals in the poem: The poem gives us a straightforward message that one has to walk the road of life on one’s own will with positivity with the sense of freedom one should also have a sense of responsibility one should be self-reliant and tender heart has to be there while walking on the path of success.
Your opinion about the poem: In my opinion, the poem is very much inspirational. It conveys an important message of being self-controlled. The poet has rightly indicated that the path of success in life has to be walked on one’s own will and awareness. Mobility should be the motto of life not only stability. I admire the simplicity of the poem with its high values.

 

The Inchcape Rock

About Poem/Poet/Title: The poem “The Inchcape Rock” is written by a British Poet Robert Southey. It is the story of the Abbot of Aberbrothok who had Installed a Warning Bell on the Inchcape Rock. Robert Southey is an English poet. He was a famous historian, Biographer, Essayist, and poet. The title is Apt.
‌The theme: The central theme of the poem runs around the proverb “as you sow so shall you reap” it is about the Evil feeling of jealousy who do bad things will ultimately be punished. Even We know that the Evil digs a pit for others but fall into the same.

Poetic style/ language/ poetic devices: The poem is a ballad type. The story of Good and Evil is told in the Poetic style. There are ‌four lines in each stanza. It has an “AABB” rhyme scheme. There is a total of Sixteen stanzas, There are some Archaic words used in the poem such as”quoth, canst, Blest”.

Language/Poetic devices: The language of the poem is easy to understand for the readers. The poem begins with the metaphor of a pleasant mood with a Calm sea. The poem consists of different figures of speech such as repetition alliteration, onomatopoeia, Apostrophe, Inversion, etc.

‌Special feature: The Poet has used descriptive and narrative techniques to enhance the effect of the poem. It is a didactic one. It teaches the moral of being Human and kind for all human beings.

Message:” As you sow so, shall you reap”. When we try to trouble others trouble first comes to the doer. The poem proves that crime gets its own punishment it gives us a valuable message of wisdom and reality

Your opinion about the poem: This poem gives important morals to all human beings. It is Applicable for the current society to stop crimes and evil deeds. Lastly, I understood the principle of life” live and let live”

 

Have You Earned Your Tomorrow:

About the poem/Tittle/Poet: The title of the poem is Have you Earned Your Tomorrow. It is an Optimistic and Inspirational Poem. The Poet has to Inspire the readers and convey his ideas. The poem is written by Edgar guest an American writer of British origin.

The Theme: One should Consider One’s Actions and deeds carefully and plan accordingly for a better future in short we have to do something for the betterment of others.

Poetic device/Poetic Style/Language: It is an inspirational poem the poet has used a simple style and optimistic tone of writing. The poem has four stanzas. Each stanza contains at least two or three questions. Alliteration and interrogation synecdoche/interrogation are used The Rhyme scheme of the poem are “AABB”.

Message: The message of the poem is “One should Consider One’s Actions and deeds Carefully and Plan Accordingly for a better future. It gives a Valuable Message of hope, Optimism, Positivity, good work, honestly.

Special feature: The poet has made use of Rhetorical Questions.

Your Opinion about the poem: I am really inspired by reading this poem. I understood that if you work hard today for others definitely god will give you a better tomorrow. I personally learned that I have to work hard today for my better tomorrow. Lastly, I understood that the Principle of life: Service to Man is service to God.

 

Answer Written by Student: Khan Madiha Almas



HSC English Writing Skills: Literary Genre – Novel 2021 For sample paper Click Here

Reference: Uttam’s Noble Publication House 

Poetry and Appreciation, HSC English Paper 2021, English Paper Solution 2021, Maharashtra board, hsc board exam 2021

Poetry and Appreciation

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