(HSC Board English Paper 2021)
|Weavers, weaving at break of day,|
why do you weave a garment so gay?
Blue as the wing of a halcyon wild,
We weave the robes of a new-born child.
Weavers, weaving at fall of night,
Why do you weave a garment so bright?……
Like the Plumes of a peacock, purple and green,
We weave the marriage-veils of a queen.
Weavers, weaving solemn and still,
What do you weave in the moonlight chill…….
White as a feather and white as a cloud,
We weave a dead man’s funeral shroud.
|About The poem, significance of the title: “Indian Weavers” is a short poem written by a very famous Indian Poetess named Sarojini Naidu. She was the first Indian woman who became president of the Indian National Congress. In this poem poetess talks about three types of garment that the weaver weave at three particulars time of a day. The title of the poem is very symbolic and the colours of the cloth used in the poem are very significant as they indicate the mood-related to the events.|
Poetic style, language features, poetic devices: In the poem poetess portrays a different genre too close to life and death, and all that lies in between the only truths that govern the existence of each being, that is, life and death. The language used in the poem is very simple, clear, and easy to understand. The rhyme scheme of the poem is ‘AABB. The fact that weavers weave ‘a the break of the day is very important. The start of new days has been used as a smile to give us a hint about the majestic royalty that is symbolic of the color blue. Through the poem, we find metaphors and simile figures of speech.
Inspirational messages, values, morals reflected: The poem praises the weavers of India while representing the three-stage of life. The birth stage, adulthood that is life, and the third is death. In the final stanza death has been portrayed “White as a feather, white as a cloud”. The message of the poem is that we all have to pass through these three stages of life and nobody is an exception to the rule. Everybody who has taken both is going to die.
Your opinion and critical evaluation of the poem: For me, this poem teaches a lesson that life and death are two sides of the same coin. We should enjoy both and should not get bothered about death.
When I had money, money, O!
I knew no joy till I went poor;
For many a false man as a friend
Came knocking all day at my door.
They felt I like a child that holds
A trumpet that he must not blow
Because a man is dead; I dared
Not to speak to let this false world know.
Much have I thought of life, and seen
How poor men’s hearts are ever light;
And how their wives do hum like bees
About their work from morn till night.
So, when I hear these poor ones laugh,
And see the rich ones coldly frown
Poor men, think I, need not go up
So much as rich men should come down.
When I had money, money, O!
My many friends proved all untrue;
But now I have no money, O!
My friends are real, though very few.
-William H. Davies
|About The poem, and poet: This poem is written by the poet William H Davies, who was born a rich man who wants to become poor to find real happiness in the world. We all know the real value of money when we don’t have money or have lost all our money. At the end of the poem, the poet tells that now he has no money with him but he has true few friends with him. The title of the poem is appropriate.|
Form of the poem, theme, and its significant message: This poem is written in five stanzas. We can call it a philosophical poem. The poem has a moral lesson to us that when we are rich and have money all are our friends who are false and they will come to you because you have money. According to the poet poor man’s heart is light and their family happy and so now I have no money in my poverty but I have few real friends. So message or theme of this poem is that money is not important to be happy in life. It is a significant poem with a moral message for us.
Poetic style, language features, and poetic devices: The poem is very simple, clear, and easy to understand with a good message. Poet has used very simple words and style to express himself. The poem has no rhyme scheme. It has used closed rhyme. Poet devices like repetition, inversion, simile, antithesis, examples of repetition can be seen in the first-line where the word ‘money is repeated.
My opinion about the poem: I think it is one of the interesting poem teaching me a moral lesson that money is not important to live a happy life. I liked the last two lines of this poem, they are. “But now I have no money, O! My friends are real, though very few.
Father Returning Home
About Poem|Poet|Tittle: The poem father returning Home by Dilip chitre is probably the most famous poem by this Indian poet. It is an autobiographical poem where the poet shows the loneliness and World’s Worriness of an old man in modern society by depicting a picture of his own father returning home from work.
The song of Open Road:
About the poem poet and title: The title of the poem is Song of the Open Road. It is influential poetry filled with optimism and positive affirmation the poem gives you a message of freedom and opportunity. The poet has written the poem in free verse. Walt Whitman is an American poet who was known as a Poet, Essayist journalist, and teacher by trade. The title of the poem is significant and Apt. The road signifies mobility.
The Inchcape Rock
About Poem/Poet/Title: The poem “The Inchcape Rock” is written by a British Poet Robert Southey. It is the story of the Abbot of Aberbrothok who had Installed a Warning Bell on the Inchcape Rock. Robert Southey is an English poet. He was a famous historian, Biographer, Essayist, and poet. The title is Apt.
Poetic style/ language/ poetic devices: The poem is a ballad type. The story of Good and Evil is told in the Poetic style. There are four lines in each stanza. It has an “AABB” rhyme scheme. There is a total of Sixteen stanzas, There are some Archaic words used in the poem such as”quoth, canst, Blest”.
Language/Poetic devices: The language of the poem is easy to understand for the readers. The poem begins with the metaphor of a pleasant mood with a Calm sea. The poem consists of different figures of speech such as repetition alliteration, onomatopoeia, Apostrophe, Inversion, etc.
Special feature: The Poet has used descriptive and narrative techniques to enhance the effect of the poem. It is a didactic one. It teaches the moral of being Human and kind for all human beings.
Message:” As you sow so, shall you reap”. When we try to trouble others trouble first comes to the doer. The poem proves that crime gets its own punishment it gives us a valuable message of wisdom and reality
Your opinion about the poem: This poem gives important morals to all human beings. It is Applicable for the current society to stop crimes and evil deeds. Lastly, I understood the principle of life” live and let live”
Have You Earned Your Tomorrow:
About the poem/Tittle/Poet: The title of the poem is Have you Earned Your Tomorrow. It is an Optimistic and Inspirational Poem. The Poet has to Inspire the readers and convey his ideas. The poem is written by Edgar guest an American writer of British origin.
The Theme: One should Consider One’s Actions and deeds carefully and plan accordingly for a better future in short we have to do something for the betterment of others.
Poetic device/Poetic Style/Language: It is an inspirational poem the poet has used a simple style and optimistic tone of writing. The poem has four stanzas. Each stanza contains at least two or three questions. Alliteration and interrogation synecdoche/interrogation are used The Rhyme scheme of the poem are “AABB”.
Message: The message of the poem is “One should Consider One’s Actions and deeds Carefully and Plan Accordingly for a better future. It gives a Valuable Message of hope, Optimism, Positivity, good work, honestly.
Special feature: The poet has made use of Rhetorical Questions.
Your Opinion about the poem: I am really inspired by reading this poem. I understood that if you work hard today for others definitely god will give you a better tomorrow. I personally learned that I have to work hard today for my better tomorrow. Lastly, I understood that the Principle of life: Service to Man is service to God.
Answer Written by Student: Khan Madiha Almas
HSC English Writing Skills: Literary Genre – Novel 2021 For sample paper Click Here
Reference: Uttam’s Noble Publication House
Poetry and Appreciation, HSC English Paper 2021, English Paper Solution 2021, Maharashtra board, hsc board exam 2021