Environmental Studies MCQ with Answer: FYBCOM Semester 1

Environmental Studies MCQ with Answer

  1. The topmost layer of the atmosphere at 700 to 10,000kms is_______. (Ionosphere, Hydrosphere, Exosphere, Mesosphere)
  2. _______ helps in the decomposition of the dead matter in a food chain.   (Herbivores, Detritivores, Autotrophs, Carnivores)
  3. The energy flow from one trophic level to another trophic level is only ________. (50%, 100%, 20%, 10%)
  4. _______ order consumers are the largest carnivores that feed on the tertiary consumers and are not eaten up by any other animal (First order, Second-order, Third Order, Fourth Order)
  5. The smallest living part of the food web of marine ecosystems is_________, a small organism that is often eaten by fish and other small creatures. (Small fishes, Plankton, Worms, Weeds)
  6. Concept of Carrying Capacity was given by   (T. Malthus, Garret Hardin, Odum, A Zimmerman)
  7. DTM has _____phases. (One, Two, Three, four)
  8. Human population rose sharply during the _____________.  (Paleolithic, Neolithic, Industrial Revolution, None of the above)
  9. The global population is highly concentrated in which continent_____. (Asia, Africa, Europe, Australia)

Foundation Course -1 MCQ question with Answers Click Here for Answers

  1. ________ has the largest population in the world. (India, China, Brazil, Australia)
  2. _________is abiotic component.   ( plant, natural vegetation, plain, organisms)
  3. _________is biotic component.    (plain, rock, climate, organisms)
  4. _________refers to the study of rocks.  (lithology, atmosphere, hydrosphere, biology)
  5. Physical components of the environment are subdivided into abiotic and_______components.  (cultural, social, economic, biotic)
  6. Afghanistan have________location. (insular, continental, Peninsular, isthumian)
  7. _______is the basic element of natural environment.  (climate, soil, roads, water body)
  8. ______island have fragmented shape.  (SriLanka, Iceland, Indonesia, Madagascar)
    biological environment and its physical environment forms______. (ecology, environment, habitat, ecosystem)
  9. The main source of energy in an ecosystem is______energy. (wind, solar, thermal, biogas)
  10. An ecosystem is well_______system. (maintained, developed, organised, conserved)
  11. Some organism which decomposes dead organic material is called________ (consumer, producer, decomposer, scavengers)
  12. The carbon cycle is important to mention the level of________and_____in the atmosphere. (nitrogen and oxygen, Oxygen and Carbon dioxide, Oxygen and hydrogen, nitrogen and hydrogen)
  13. When consumption of renewable resources is more than nature’s ability to replenish, it is called.   (environmental degradation, environmental equilibrium, environmental renewable, environmental sustainability)
  14. When consumption of renewable resources is less than nature’s ability to replenish it is called (environmental degradation, environmental equilibrium, environmental renewable, environmental sustainability)
  15. When consumption of renewable resources is equal to nature’s ability to replenish it called.  (environmental degradation, environmental equilibrium, environmental renewable, environmental sustainability)

Environmental Studies MCQ with Answer

  1. The resources_______of a man is very important. (consciousness, awareness, attitude)
  2. The main function of resources is to______human needs. (fulfill, understand, satisfy)
  3. Any natural thing in existence on the surface of the earth is called_______. (resource, endowment, potential)
    When a man realises the use of endowment to satisfy human needs then it is called___. (resources, endowment, potential)
  4. When a man actually uses the endowment to satisfy human needs it is called_____. (resources, endowment, potential)
  5. Exhaustible resources are also called as_______resources. (renewable, flow, non-renewable, potential)
  6. Renewable resources are also called as______resources. (flow, fund, exhaustible)
  7. More than______percent of water on the surface of the earth is in the ocean. (5, 1.9,  .02, 97.5)
  8. Equatorial or tropical evergreen forests are observed between______and_____latitudes.  (10° and 30°, 10° and 10°, 30° and 70°)
  9. Coniferous or Taiga forests are observed between_____and_____latitudes. (10° and 30°, 10° and 10°, 50° and 70°)

Environmental Studies MCQ with Answer

  1. The planting of the tree along with the fencing of farms or in between crops in the farm is called_____. (Argo forestry, social forestry, forest management, forest conservation)
  2. Afforestation programme on large scale with the help of local people and farmers, to meet their requirement is called________. (Argo forestry, social forestry, forest management, forest conservation)
  3. ______is a non-conventional energy resource.  (hydel power, thermal power, Nuclear energy, geothermal energy)
  4. Biomass energy is generated from________. (organic matter, coal, sunrays, wind)
  5. Thermal energy is generated with the help of______. (organic matter, cool, wind,  heat under the surface of the earth)
  6. Geothermal energy is generated with the help of_______.  (organic matter, cold, wind, heat under the surface of the earth)
  7. Every______has the limit beyond which it cannot sustain. (habitat, ecosystem, environment, country)
  8. If the environment is degraded, carrying capacity______. (expands, contracts, grows, shrinks)
  9. The main purpose of introducing the concept of the human development index was to understand the_____of people. (quantity,  quality, numbers, occupations)
  10. About______of India’s children are underweight at birth. (1/4, 1/2, 1/3, 1/5)

Environmental Studies MCQ with Answer

  1. About______people in developing countries do not have access to clean water. (1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1/5)
  2. ______Europe comes under high density zone.  (Northern Southern, Western and central, central)
  3. There is a high density of population on the California coast due to______. (agriculture, industries, mining, horticulture)
  4. The growth rate of the population in India has fallen down from____to___. (15%, 21.54%, 17.64%, 20%)
  5. The population of Maharashtra is equal to the population of______. (Brazil, Germany, Australia, Mexico)
  6. Important foodgrain consumed in the world is_____. (wheat, rice, corn, millets)
  7. The prairie region of USA is known as______. (rice bowl of China, granary of the world, bread basket, beat bol of USA)
  8. Wheat grows well on_____soil.  (red, yellow, alluvial, black)
  9. Rice grows well on______soil.  (red, yellow, alluvial, black)
  10. There is a large corn belt in______.  (USA, Canada, Argentina, Russia)
  11. _____is a leading country for a dairy product in NW Europe.  (Netherland, France, Switzerland, Denmark)
  12. _____is a leading producer of beef cattle in the world.  (Canada, NewZealand, USA, Argentina)
  13. _____is the leading fishing bank in the North Sea. (Grand Bank, George Bank, Pacific bank, dogger bank)

Environmental Studies MCQ with Answer

  1. The root cause of food shortage in the world is______.  (change in climate, loss of agricultural land, the rapid growth of population, low yield per hectare)
  2. ______is the main reason for malnutrition.  (poverty, illiteracy, rapid growth of population, overpopulation)
  3. _______is the biggest contribution to the child mortality.  (illiteracy, malnutrition, diseases, overpopulation)
  4. ______ will introduce planning in an existing built-up area to achieve smart city objectives. (Rebuilding, Retrofitting, Pan Development, Returning)
  5. This State/Union Territory has the highest urban population_______. (NCT Delhi, MP, Assam, Goa)
  6. ______ is a positive effect of urbanization.  (Employment, Transport, Degradation, Pollution)
  7. ______ state has the highest absolute numbers of the urban population. (West Bengal, Punjab,  Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu)
  8. _____ causes forced migration. (Employment, Education, Wars, social visit)

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Reference: Manan Prakashan, Smart Notes

 

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